Archaeologists in Bulgaria the oldest prehistoric city in Europe
According to the classic definition, is considered prehistoric period of time between the appearance of the first hominids to which we are aware of the appearance of the first written documents, an event that took place in the Middle East around the year 3300 BC (and in other parts of the world would later) but, according to other authors, Prehistory may be terminated with the appearance of the first complex societies leading to something organized societies and states. Much of the information we have about this historical period comes from archaeological excavations taking place in many parts of the world (such as those of Atapuerca in Spain ) and, as published today , a group of archaeologists in Bulgaria has announced that found what may be the oldest prehistoric city in Europe.
The discovery took place near the Bulgarian town of Provadia and, in view of the remains found (and have unearthed), archaeologists have found the remains of a walled city where houses have two floors up. This fortified city with a defensive wall, according to preliminary hypothesis, could have been a center of salt production that could have been running between 4700 and 4200 BC, which may indicate that this city was founded about 1,500 years before the birth the civilization of ancient Greece.
A salt production center? This hypothesis is supported by the existence of walled itself in antiquity because salt was a precious commodity (the word derives from the Latin salary salarium meaning “salted payment” and gives an idea of the importance of this product that used as a preservative for meat). In addition, Bosnia and Romania have found ancient salt mines that corroborate the existence of centers of population in the same period but this would be the first city found that period.
40 years ago, near this excavation found a “treasure” of gold objects (about 35 miles away) that was dated as the oldest of its kind in the world and served as a foot to explore the area and begin excavations in 2005 and that, in addition to revealing the wall and the remains of two-storey houses also served to identify what could be a well and an altar to perform rituals.
One finding, undoubtedly fascinating.