May recognizable characters that have been accused of being communists
Oh, the Cold War. There was a time, decades ago, when the U.S. paranoia notice signs “anti-American” could unleash a veritable witch hunt. Being called communist china was social: suddenly stopped haunt friends, people I looked down on the street and shut you work.
Many of these accusations, promoted by the infamous Joseph McCarthy or the American Activities Committee , affected the lives of many public figures. Following the revelation that became the FBI’s suspicions about the writer Ray Bradbury, I share a list of five characters recognized that suffered this problem:
1. Ray Bradbury
Let’s start with the case giving rise to this listing. The Huffington Post received a copy of Ray Bradbury , author of Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles, which found that the fbi was investigating the writer for activities linked to communism. The FBI reviewed the travel history of Bradbury, and even raided his house for clues. Although the author had been a public critic of the policies of McCarthy, it never had sympathies with communism. In fact, when he spoke at a conference on Fareheit 451, admitted that his work was banned in Russia.
2. Helen Keller
The case of Helen Keller is known for his ability to overcome his blindness and deafness to communicate with the world. Eventually, Keller became an activist * defending the rights of the disabled, but causes as ** women’s suffrage, pacifism and birth control. In fact, Keller did get into military inside the U.S. Socialist Party, and came to make friends with the likes of Mark Twain and Charles Chaplin. During the management of McCarthy, the FBI never conducted a formal investigation but remained guarded, especially his relationship with Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, a known communist leader.
3. Charles Chaplin
Chaplin is one of the most experienced figures for their alleged links with the Communists. The actor has always been a freethinker uncomfortable for many governments, as evidenced by the strong critical load tape as Modern Times or The Dictator. In 1952, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover withdrew permission to enter the United States when traveling in Europe to promote a film. In response, Chaplin stated that he renounced his U.S. residency, because of “an unhealthy atmosphere in which liberal minds can be identified and prosecuted.” Chaplin moved to Switzerland and returned only once to the United States in 1972 when he received an honorary Oscar.
4. Orson Welles
Welles was also targeted by the FBI in 1941, despite being a supporter of President Roosevelt. Although the FBI admitted he never could see if he had ties to the Communist Party, its activities are recommended record their telephone conversations and was taken into custody in the event of a national emergency. Many assume that the persecution was the reason Welles lived in Europe from 1948 to 1956. Interestingly, the Mexican Dolores River was also noted by communist activities simply for having a relationship with Welles.
5. The Smurfs
Let’s close with the more implausible. With the recent release of the latest film of The Smurfs, revived accusations that this cartoon was created in 1958 by Belgian illustrator Pierre Culliford. These characters have been accused of being communists to live in a society where all citizens are equal, living in identical houses, dress in the same clothes and always humming the same tune. They also noted that lack of an economy, as each character meets only their role, even Papa Smurf, the patriarch of the colony, has been noted for wearing a white beard in the style of Karl Marx and a red dress.Tags: Charles Chaplin, Communism, fbi, Helen Keller, Orson Welles, Ray Bradbury