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Posted by on Oct 16, 2012 in Science |

The wind from the Sun could be the cause of the formation of water on the Moon

The wind from the Sun could be the cause of the formation of water on the Moon

This has been reflected in the latest study published in the journal Nature Geoscience. A group of researchers from the University of Michigan argue that the most likely source of on the moon would be a constant flow of charged particles from the known as the solar wind.

The results obtained by scientists permanent implies that the ice inside polar craters on the Moon, called cold traps may contain hydrogen atoms that are derived ultimately from the solar wind.

Theoretical models of lunar water stability dating from the 1970s and suggest that hydrogen ions from the solar wind can combine with oxygen on the surface of the to form water and related compounds called hydroxyl, consisting of an atom hydrogen and one of oxygen (known as OH).

According to the researchers, there is the presence of significant amounts of vessels within the hydroxyl formed on the surface of the Moon by micrometeorite impacts. To Youxue Zhang, one of the scientists:

We found that the component “water”, the hydroxyl on the lunar surface is mainly through the implementation of solar wind protons, which locally in combination with oxygen forming hydroxyls. Our work shows that the hydroxyl is widespread in lunar materials, though not in the form of ice or liquid water that can be used easily.

This also means that there is probably water on Mercury and asteroids like Vesta. These planetary bodies have very different environments, but all have the potential to produce water.

In the last five years and after several laboratory measurements and research scientists have overturned the ancient belief that the moon is dry. However, the origin of water on the lunar surface remains a mystery. This new finding opens a new avenue to try to understand the source that produces water on the moon.

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