Voskhod 1: the first space mission and unsupported multiplaza costumes
Although the flight of Yuri Gagarin or Mercury project we may sound like something extremely distant man first went into space in 1961, and since then, mankind has witnessed the arrival of man on the moon or how a name vehicle Curiosity and remotely controlled by Mars moves exploring the surface. Both the Mercury Project as the first flights of the Soviet Union, astronauts traveling solo and spacesuits protected until an October 12, 1964, the Soviet Union launched Voskhod 1 capsule : the first space mission with three people and unsupported spacesuits.
Voskhod (which in Russian means Dawn) was the second space program that held the Soviet Union, in his career against the United States, has set the objective of developing a spacecraft capable of carrying more than one crew member with the idea of studying human behavior in extravehicular activities (on the outside). The mission was in charge of Sergei Korolyov , the father of the Soviet space program, and taking as a basis the vehicle Vostok (which carried Yuri Gagarin into space).
One of the most significant details of the flight of the Voskhod 1 is that the crew were not wearing spacesuits, however, this was a requirement more casual than anything else because due to the narrow dimensions of the vehicle and place three seats, the only way they entered may allow 3 people was eliminating spacesuits. In addition, the Voskhod spacecraft included an inflatable airlock allowed out astronauts, offered 22 days of autonomy, included a system that softened the landing thrusters (which was based on parachutes) and, again for space problems, seats were placed perpendicular to the door (so it was very difficult for ejection seats could drive the crew in an emergency) and forced the cosmonauts had to turn his neck to see the instrument panel (which had left in the same position as in Vostok).
After a trial on October 6, 1964, called Cosmos 47, which lasted about 24 hours and was successful, six days later, on October 12, 1964, Commander Vladimir Komarov, Flight Engineer Konstantin Feoktistov and Doctor Boris Yegorov would become the first 3 people to leave the area without spacesuit within a ship. The Voskhod 1 also orbited for 24 hours, resulting in a successful life support system that was implemented in the ship and the system for landing thrusters.
In this flight would follow the Cosmos 57 (unmanned) that aimed to test the lock extensible allowing foreign trips would be used for the first time in the Voskhod 2 mission (launched (March 18, 1965) in which Aleksei Leonov became the first human to give “space walk” to leave the ship for 10 minutes.
The flight of the Voskhod 2 would be the last of the manned flight program because although another flight followed by human experimental unmanned (Cosmos 110 was within her two dogs that survived the test), the mission of the Voskhod 3 canceled and the following 4 missions scheduled.