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How to address employment gaps in your CV

In the competitive landscape of job applications, a well-structured CV plays an extremely important role in creating a strong first impression. While crafting a compelling CV, one common concern that job seekers often grapple with is addressing employment gaps. These gaps can happen for many different reasons, be it personal, career or economic reasons. A fact is, they will always raise questions on the employer’s side. Today, we will explore effective strategies to address employment gaps on your CV and provide examples of how to deal with this challenge with confidence.

Understanding employment gaps

Before we delve into strategies, let’s demystify the concept of employment gaps. An employment gap is just a period where you were not employed. Either by choice or circumstance, doesn’t matter. Naturally, these gaps can vary in length and occur for a multitude of reasons. Common causes include pursuing higher education, taking time off for personal or family reasons, embarking on a career change, or facing economic downturns. It’s important to realize that employment gaps are not that uncommon and can happen to anyone at some point in their career journey.

However, it’s crucial to address potential negative assumptions that employers might make about gaps. Some employers might fear that candidates with gaps lack commitment or relevant skills. The key is to proactively address these concerns and showcase the value you bring to the table. Never try to hide an employment gap, but more in this below.

Strategies to address employment gaps

A. Honesty and transparency

Honesty is the best policy when it comes to employment gaps. Rather than trying to hide or downplay them, address gaps directly and transparently. This can be done in your CV or cover letter. For instance, if you took time off to travel and gain cultural exposure, you can frame it as a period of self-discovery that enhanced your adaptability and global perspective.

B. Functional resume format

Consider using a functional resume format, especially if your chronological employment history isn’t as strong due to gaps. The functional format highlights your skills, accomplishments, and experiences, placing less emphasis on specific dates. This approach is particularly effective when your skills are more relevant to the job than the timeline of your work history. Consider using a CV generator software to have your CV presented in a professional way.

C. Cover letter insights

Your cover letter is a powerful tool to provide context for your gaps. Use it to explain the reasons behind your time off and how you utilized that period productively. For instance, if you took time off to care for a family member, discuss the valuable skills you gained in organization, time management, and empathy.

Showcasing transferable skills and accomplishments

Employment gaps don’t mean your skills are stagnant. In fact, many people use these periods to enhance their skill set through freelancing, volunteering, online courses, or personal projects. Try to highlight these transferable skills in your CV to demonstrate your continuous and constant growth. Another exemple, if you volunteered for a nonprofit organization, discuss the project management and teamwork skills you developed during that time.

Examples of successfully addressing employment gaps

A. Career change

Imagine you decided to transition from marketing to software development. During your gap, you pursued coding bootcamps and freelance projects to build your programming skills. In your CV, highlight the projects you completed and the technical proficiencies you gained, positioning yourself as a well-rounded candidate with a unique perspective.

B. Family leave

Suppose you took a break to care for an ailing parent. During this time, you actively managed medical appointments, finances, and schedules. Frame this experience as a demonstration of your organizational skills and your ability to handle high-pressure situations, both of which are valuable assets in the professional world.

C. Upskilling and education

Imagine you used your employment gap to complete a relevant certification or course. Let’s say you pursued a digital marketing certification and mastered the latest trends. Showcase this achievement prominently in your CV, indicating your dedication to staying updated in your field.

Additional tips for a strong CV presentation

In addition to the strategies mentioned above, ensure your CV is visually appealing and error-free. A clutter-free layout, consistent formatting, and appropriate font choices contribute to a professional presentation. Moreover, consider seeking feedback from mentors, colleagues, or the help of a professional CV tool, to fine-tune your CV and ensure it effectively addresses your gaps.


Employment gaps don’t need to be stumbling blocks in your job search. By adopting a transparent and positive approach, you can transform these gaps into opportunities for growth and skill development. Craft a narrative that showcases your resilience, adaptability, and commitment to personal and professional advancement. Remember, a well-crafted CV not only addresses gaps but also tells a compelling story of your journey, making you a more appealing candidate in the eyes of potential employers.

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